In aikido there is no age limitation or division into male, female,child.Everyone who wish to begin to train aikido is very welcome.
Couple of words that will instruct you in some rules about training and behavior in dojo.

  • aikido is practicing in pairs, so that couples among themselves could help each other  for more easily and quickly learning the techniques
  • to start training aikido does not matter in what kind of fitness you are, but if you have some medical problems,instructor should be informed about it
  • equipment for training consists of a white karate or judo kimono but in the beginning you can wear cotton sweat suit
  • during the training do not wear jewelry, watch,or chew chewing gum, anything that can lead to injury
  • if you are late on the training or should leave early, contact the instructor for permission
  • for crossing from dressing rooms to dojo we use slippers, but never worn shoes on the mat.Mats must be always clean because aikido exercise barefoot, with clean feet and judodogi
  • techniques in aikido are spoken in Japanese, some rules of conduct on the mats are taken from the Japanese samurai life adjusted to today's time
  • when entering and leaving the dojo and before the start of training with a partner used a slight bow to show respect to the space in which you will train and people whom you training with
  • for quicker improving of a personal aikido, it is necesery to participate on International seminars in the organization you belong to and in other aikido organizations as well


To start practising aikido enough is cotton suit and slippers that will help you to come from changing rooms to dojo.

After some time due more relaxing training you need kimono (Dogi) white color, which can be karate, but for longer durability is advisable judo kimono.

In Aikido degrees is not marked with colors, but all those who have not passed master's degree wear a white belt.After passed exams for the title of Dan rank (black belt) starts to wear hakama over the lower part of kimono.That is a part of traditional Japanese clothes that looks like wide pants. It can be black or dark blue color.

The weapons training is an integral part of aikido is necessary in addition to the above equipment and have more weapons which comprises:

Boken – wooden sword that reminiscent of ancient Japanese catana|
Jo – wooden stick
Tanto – wooden knife


At the beginning of the class we bow to picture of O Sensei with a  pronunciation o ne gai shi mas which can be translate as ‘please practice’.
At the end of class with the bow to the picture O Sensei and Instructor is pronounced domo arigato gozaimashita which means ‘thank you’very polite

The Japanese word for teacher is Sensei so that instructor conducting training we call  Sensei.

Seiza – siting position at the bigining,end and true class while instructor teach
Tori - a person performing technique
Ukei - a person receiving the technique (play the ataccker)
Ma ai - right distance between tori and ukei
Kokuho - breathing
Migi - right side
Hidari - left side
Omote - in front side of the body (pozitive)
Ura - behinde side of the body,back (negative)


To overcome the techniques in aikido you need to overcome basic movements and break falls first.

Movements: Taisabaki

Tsugi ashi
Okuri ashi
Ayumi ashi
Shikko (knee walking)

Break falls: Ukemi

Mae ukemi – break fall forward
Ushiro ukemi – break fall backward
Yoko ukemi – sideways break fall (flying fall)


We could perform classification on:

    • katamiwazu (technique of fixation)


    • nagewazu (trowing technique)


    • combine those two above


Depands of the atack:

- atack with a strike


(strike with a palm on the middle of head)

Yokomenuchi (strike with a palm in the level of neck)

(fist strike in the stomach level )

Jodan (fist strike in the head level)

- attack with holding

Aihanmi (wrist held like shaking )
Gyakohanmi (wrist held left to right and oposite)
Katatedori (wrist held with one hand)
Katadori (shoulder holding)
Ryotedori (both wrist held)
Morotedori-katate ryotemochi (wrist held by two hands)
Munedori (one hand holding collar)

- combine those two above

katadori menuchi (one hand holds shoulder the other strike shomenuchi)
munedori menuchi (one hand holds collar the other strike shomenuchi)

- attack from behind (ushirowaza)

Depand of the way are the technique standing or sitting:

- tachiwaza (both tori and ukei stand)
- suwariwaza (both tori and ukei are on their knees)
- hamnihantachiwaza (ukei stands and tori is on knee)


There are 6 kyu level before passing the black belt.
Until black belt, all practicioners wear white belt.

After successfully passing the exam for black belt (Dan) of the International Organization called Aikido World Headquarters, or better known as Hombu Dojo, practicioner gets the aikido passport and diploma, signed and sealed by Aiki Doshu Kishomaru Ueshiba (from January 1999.Moriteru Ueshibe) Diplomas also obtained for each next passing Dan.

Intended graduation in aikido is to stimulate desire for further progress and training, strengthen confidence of individual.Be very careful that graduation it`s self do not carry you and drag into negative contrast, vanity, which fosters satisfaction with oneself, where it doesen`t matter how, and how much do you train, but only what belt or Dan you have.




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When is the best time to start practicing aikido?
before 10 years
between 10-20th
after 20th

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